This chapter presents the results of an in-depth qualitative study of how migratory processes impact the rights of indigenous peoples. It analyses the changes and transformations that occur in indigenous peoples’ identity as a result of being compelled to migrate and discloses the latent violence underlying forced migration. The chapter is divided into four sections. The first section discusses the difficulties encountered by social science and legal research in addressing the complexity of the migratory processes undertaken by indigenous peoples. The second section provides a mapping of these processes in order to understand and assess their complexity. The third section describes some of the particular problems involving the migratory processes of indigenous peoples. And the fourth section specifically addresses the impact that these problems have on indigenous peoples’ rights.