ABSTRACT

The Industrial Revolutions of the 19th century attracted millions of immigrants to the United States. Between 1820 and 1924 (when immigration restriction laws dramatically curtailed entry), 32 million migrants came to the United States, mostly from Europe, but also in substantial numbers from Asia and Mexico. This chapter draws from the work of scholars of trust and labor to address how and why many of these migrants came to embrace bread and butter labor union activity. 1