Immigration is changing the global landscape. Worldwide, there are currently more than 244 million immigrants—people living on a relatively permanent basis in a country other than the one in which they were born—an increase of over 40% in the last 15 years (United Nations, 2016a). This number includes more than 22 million refugees (individuals who have been formally recognized as having fled their country of residence because of a well-founded fear of persecution, armed conflict, violence, or war) and close to three million asylum seekers (individuals who have claimed refugee status and are waiting for their claim to be evaluated; UNHCR, 2017). Of note, the number of refugees across the globe has been described as the largest since the end of the Second World War (UNHCR, 2017).