Many experts and citizens living in metropolitan areas are beginning to believe that the future is beyond the reasonable control of man. Indeed, with major advances in the fields of systems engineering and analysis and the rapid technological change which has evolved during the last 5–10 years, one is hard pressed to keep up with the broad spectrum of post-industrial developments occurring in the more developed nations. Many people believe that the future is technologically determined and is, in fact, inevitable. They feel there is little that urban managers can do other than accept the ‘facts’ and help us to adjust to the new realities with a minimum of stress and inconvenience.