ABSTRACT

Countries do not simply develop by themselves but as part of wider constellations that may help or hinder development. At each regional or global conjuncture there are centers and zones of influence that shape relations of cooperation and competition. Shifting economic complementarities generate fields that imprint epochs of development, which also involve domestic institutions. Given path dependence, institutions that are in sync with one constellation may linger during another and either foster or block development. Thus, with the Cold War era came national security states. Next, when Japan and later the Asian tiger economies led Asia’s flying geese formation, authoritarian developmental states became an institutional model.