In December 2013, the newest African state of South Sudan began to descend into deadly political violence. Recent figures estimate that tens of thousands of civilians have lost their lives; more than one million people have been displaced over the past 10 months; some 200,000 people are now sheltering in United Nations (UN) bases, mostly from the Nuer ethnic group; some 1.7 million people have fled across the borders into Ethiopia, Uganda, Sudan, and Kenya; and 5.5 million people are in need of humanitarian aid (Human Rights Watch 2014; UNHCR 2017). These reports paint a frightening picture of possible widespread communal violence, which might lead to the demise of the fragile state.