There have been numerous attempts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, particularly since 1967. This chapter will attempt to determine why they have all failed, examining the underlying factors in Israel’s approach and the changes that occurred with regard to the major obstacles or challenges as viewed by Israel. However, any hopes for future breakthroughs in this peace process require an understanding of the tumultuous history of the area of Palestine. The pages that follow are one attempt at providing a usable history that peace studies scholars, social scientists, and humanists alike can use to begin to understand the difficulties at hand and hopefully derive lessons to better formulate strategies moving forward.