As we discussed in the Introduction to this book, the relationships between social work policy, practice and education, and political conflict have become of interest to academic and practice communities in the last few decades. The following chapter summarises key themes that have emerged from selected literature on this topic, largely drawn from searches of peer review journal articles. The chapter begins with a discussion about challenges in carrying out such a review, particularly in terms of agreed definitions and problems associated with the Eurocentric nature of publishing in this field. Four themes emerge from this review: theoretical perspectives; types of intervention; the impact upon practitioners; and approaches to education.