This chapter is based on a case study of a country where social work is a growing profession and social workers often deal with both long-standing and emerging periods of political conflict. The chapter will critically reflect on a consultancy and development project carried out in 2008 between a Higher Education Institution (HEI) in the United Kingdom, social work practice sectors and an International Non-Governmental Organisation (INGO) in the Republic of Tajikistan. Tajikistan in Central Asia, is part of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) formed in 1991 and today comprises Russia and ten other republics that were part of the former Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR). Definitions of Central Asia include the five republics of the post-Soviet independent states: Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.