ABSTRACT

One of the radical interventions in thinking about the already marked tension within the discourse of globalisation is that of post-colonialism. Post-colonialism takes as its starting point the parallel developments of homogenisation and heterogenisation, in their concreteness, and several disjunctures or differentiations that they bring to the fore, by working through colonial history from the erased space of the native consciousness. Its criticism is directed at both the euphoria surrounding ‘globalisation’ and the Wallersteinian–Albrowian convergence framework. The latter refers to a homogenised, world-making transformation from Gemeinschaft, ‘community’, to Gesellschaft, ‘world systemicity’ (Wallerstein 1974: 415), by way of the gradual internationalisation of economic and social-political institutions under the imperative of capitalism and, increasingly, the communication/transportation revolution, which together give rise to the spatial metonym of the world-as-a-whole-system. The critique of post-colonialism is that neither process sufficiently accounts for the cultural, social and psychological conditions and consequences of what is too often seen as a unidirectional movement: of one dominant global social reality, usually western, spreading to civilise or contain non-western cultures.