Disability and violence are global human rights issues that cut across gender, race, age, sexuality, geographical, religious, socio-economic status and cultural boundaries. They can be viewed as socially produced and culturally constructed and can manifest at different or multiple, generational locations over a person’s life course (childhood, youth, adulthood and older age). Disability and violence have a bi-directional causal relationship in that the onset of impairment can be caused by exposure to violence, or violent actions by a perpetrator can be stimulated by a victim’s impairment. While both issues were once considered to be private problems hidden from public view, increasingly they are recognised as public issues, warranting public attention and intervention including legal rights and financial support from the public purse. Moreover, both are gendered; they have impacts across the life span; and they effect women and girls across the world. Hence this book! We are interested in intersectionality – in other words, how these issues interact and specifically, what impact this has for women and girls. First, we are going to explore the key concepts that we draw upon as the foundation for the book.