This chapter is based on the qualitative fieldwork conducted in Lower Lawpani village in the district of Tinsukia in Assam after the destructive floods of 2012. It outlines the ways in which the farmers of Lawpani have been pushed to restructure their livelihoods due to recurring floods, resulting in loss of crops, seed, feed and livestock as well as decreasing land for agriculture from sand-casting. The changes in the farming system and local economy, particularly in the context of outmigration of men, expose women to new tasks of flood and farm managers, for which they are often unprepared. This chapter examines how in times of environmental and socio-economic change, the spaces of opportunities as well as challenges differ for women and men. It further argues that to help women farmers cope with climate-related environmental changes, it is imperative to improve their access to a range of entitlements.