This chapter begins by setting the context for the educational uses of information and communication technology (ICT) for pupils with special educational needs. It will discuss the requirements and recommendations of developing ICT capability in the National Curriculum as far as it affects pupils with learning difficulties and disabilities. It will look particularly at the role of ICT in providing access to learning. This will be illustrated by a number of examples where ICT has made a significant contribution to pupils’ achievements. It will finally discuss some of the issues facing schools on identifying solutions and effective implementation. Readers who are interested in the historical development of ICT and SEN will gain useful information from OFSTED (1999), Abbott (1995) and Hawkridge and Vincent (1992).