The history of science is intertwined with the history of nature. Conceptualizations of nature have become a pathway for the establishment of methods in science since the notions of science and nature are deeply interconnected. After all, science is best understood as a description of nature. To describe nature is to first have an awareness of what nature is. However, there have been different conceptualizations of nature in different cultures. Given the relation between science and nature, do these cultural conceptualizations matter to our contemporary understanding of science? Can these various ways of understanding nature lead to different sciences? Or is it that a natural ‘progression’ in the idea of nature leads to the development of modern science?