One common assumption in the second language (L2) acquisition literature is that there must be a direct relationship between individuals’ capacity to perceive and produce foreign sounds. The rationale underlying this assumption is the following: It is difficult to see how a particular sound could be properly produced if it is not properly perceived. Different theoretical backgrounds have been put forward to account for the relationship between these two modalities. Some authors argue for a common representation for both perception and production, usually of an articulatory nature (see e.g., Pisoni, 1995; or Goldstein & Fowler, 2003), while others assume separate representations, with complex links mapping one onto the other (e.g., Flege, 1995, 2003, among others).