ABSTRACT

It is now obvious that sub-Saharan Africa is increasingly being marginalized in the global system. The monumental developments in the global system in the past decade as well as the region’s unenviable performance show very clearly its powerlessness in global relations and its vulnerability to external pressures, penetration and manipulation. Despite political and ideological experimentation, regime changes, foreign aid and countless declarations, charters and cooperation schemes, the region remains the most marginal, the most poverty-stricken, the most debt-ridden (in per capita terms), the most-politically unstable and the least attractive to 296donors and investors. As the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) has noted, the deepening crisis of the region is “manifested not only in abysmal declines in economic indicators and trends, but more tragically and glaringly in the suffering, hardship and impoverishment of the vast majority of African people”. 1