The trombone appears to have been largely unknown in France during the early eighteenth century. Except for a brief article in Sebastien de Brossard's Dictiannaire de musique (1703), no French author mentioned it; no French composer called for it, and no French instrument maker built it. Adam Carse writes, "There were traces of trombones in Italian and French church music,'" but gives no clue of when or where. It is known that trombones were used at the court of Louis XIV.2 (See plate 15.)

After Brossard, the next published reference to the trombone, in France, is in the Encyclapedie, au Dictiannaire raisanne des sciences, des arts et des metiers (1751-72). Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who wrote the articles on music, was apparently not familiar with the trombone. The article entitled "Trombone" is lifted from Brossard, omitting the first paragraph. Another article, "Sacquebute," again merely describes the appearance and measurements. Except for a

'Adam Carse, The Orchestra in the XVlllth Century (Cambridge: Hefter, 1940), 43.