In the 1990s, the Monsanto corporation was feared and reviled as one of the world’s largest chemical companies, and by far the most aggressive promoter of genetic engineering in agriculture. The company spent millions of pounds trying to convince people that the fate of the world’s starving masses depended on the acceptance of its new, genetically engineered crop varieties. Monsanto tried to paint itself as a visionary, world-historical force, working to bring state-of-theart science and a professed environmental responsibility to solving humanity’s most intractable problems.