List of figures and tables vi

Acknowledgements xi

Foreword by R. K. Pachauri xiii

1 A stitch in time: General lessons from specific cases 1 Neil Leary, James Adejuwon, Vicente Barros, Punsalmaa Batima, Bonizella Biagini, Ian Burton, Suppakorn Chinvanno, Rex Victor Cruz, Daniel Dabi, Alain de Comarmond, Bill Dougherty, Pauline Dube, Andrew Githeko, Ayman Abou Hadid, Molly Hellmuth, Richard Kangalawe, Jyoti Kulkarni, Mahendra Kumar, Rodel Lasco, Melchior Mataki, Mahmoud Medany, Mansour Mohsen, Gustavo Nagy, Momodou Njie, Jabavu Nkomo, Anthony Nyong, Balgis Osman-Elasha, El-Amin Sanjak, Roberto Seiler, Michael Taylor, Maria Travasso, Graham von Maltitz, Shem Wandiga and Mónica Wehbe

2 Adapting conservation strategies to climate change 28 in Southern Africa Graham von Maltitz, Robert J. Scholes, Barend Erasmus and Anthony Letsoalo

3 Benefits and costs of adapting water planning and management to 53 climate change and water demand growth in the Western Cape of South Africa John M. Callaway, Daniël B. Louw, Jabavu C. Nkomo, Molly E. Hellmuth and Debbie A. Sparks

4 Indigenous knowledge, institutions and practices for coping 71 with variable climate in the Limpopo basin of Botswana Opha Pauline Dube and Mogodisheng B. M. Sekhwela

5 Community development and coping with drought in rural Sudan 90 Balgis Osman-Elasha, Nagmeldin Goutbi, Erika Spanger-Siegfried, Bill Dougherty, Ahmed Hanafi, Sumaya Zakieldeen, El-Amin Sanjak, Hassan A. Atti and Hashim M. Elhassan

6 Climate, malaria and cholera in the Lake Victoria region: 109 Adapting to changing risks Pius Yanda, Shem Wandiga, Richard Kangalawe, Maggie Opondo, Dan Olago, Andrew Githeko, Tim Downs, Robert Kabumbuli, Alfred Opere, Faith Githui, James Kathuri, Lydia Olaka, Eugene Apindi, Michael Marshall, Laban Ogallo, Paul Mugambi, Edward Kirumira, Robinah Nanyunja, Timothy Baguma, Rehema Sigalla and Pius Achola

7 Making economic sense of adaptation in upland cereal production 131 systems in The Gambia Momodou Njie, Bernard E. Gomez, Molly E. Hellmuth, John M. Callaway, Bubu P. Jallow and Peter Droogers

8 Past, present and future adaptation by rural households 147 of northern Nigeria Daniel D. Dabi, Anthony O. Nyong, Adebowale A. Adepetu and Vincent I. Ihemegbulem

9 Using seasonal weather forecasts for adapting food production 163 to climate variability and climate change in Nigeria James Oladipo Adejuwon, Theophilus Odeyemi Odekunle and Mary Omoluke Omotayo

10 Adapting dryland and irrigated cereal farming to climate change 181 in Tunisia and Egypt Raoudha Mougou, Ayman Abou-Hadid, Ana Iglesias, Mahmoud Medany, Amel Nafti, Riadh Chetali, Mohsen Mansour and Helmy Eid

11 Adapting to drought, zud and climate change in Mongolia’s 196 rangelands Punsalmaa Batima, Bat Bold, Tserendash Sainkhuu and Myagmarjav Bavuu

12 Evaluation of adaptation options for the Heihe river basin 211 of China Yongyuan Yin, Zhongming Xu and Aihua Long

13 Strategies for managing climate risks in the lower Mekong 228 river basin: A place-based approach Suppakorn Chinvanno, Soulideth Souvannalath, Boontium Lersupavithnapa, Vichien Kerdsuk and Nguyen Thuan

14 Spillovers and trade-offs of adaptation in the 247 Pantabangan-Carranglan watershed of the Philippines Rodel D. Lasco, Rex Victor Cruz, Juan M. Pulhin and Florencia B. Pulhin

15 Top-down, bottom-up: Mainstreaming adaptation in Pacific 264 island townships Melchior Mataki, Kanayathu Koshy and Veena Nair

16 Adapting to dengue risk in the Caribbean 279 Michael A. Taylor, Anthony Chen, Samuel Rawlins, Charmaine Heslop-Thomas, Dharmaratne Amarakoon, Wilma Bailey, Dave Chadee, Sherine Huntley, Cassandra Rhoden and Roxanne Stennett

17 Adaptation to climate trends: Lessons from the Argentine 296 experience Vicente Barros

18 Local perspectives on adaptation to climate change: 315 Lessons from Mexico and Argentina Mónica Wehbe, Hallie Eakin, Roberto Seiler, Marta Vinocur, Cristian Ávila, Cecilia Maurutto and Gerardo Sánchez Torres.