to ensure that plant genetic resources (PGR) are conserved and are made as widely available as possible for the purposes of plant breeding, for the benefit of present and future generations;

to conserve and use PGR of economic and/or social interest, particularly for agriculture;

to focus on cultivated varieties of plants, plants or varieties which have been in cultivation in the past, primitive versions of cultivated plants, wild relatives of such plants, and certain special genetic stocks.