Barbara Roche's proposed new direction for Britain's immigration policy, allegedly required for the twenty-first century. Three elements of such a policy were proposed: meeting staff shortages through a work permit scheme; the circulation of staff in transnational corporations; and entrepreneurial immigration which generate jobs in Britain. The immigration control with allegations of criminality, it often predicted problems rather than evidence of existing ones that used to make the case for the presence of an underclass. The government's perception of refugees as disguised economic migrants has led to the introduction of a series of measures in the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 which make life difficult, unpleasant and dangerous for many refugees and asylum seekers. The Minister for Immigration identified a skill shortage that faces Britain and the need to review immigration policy. The government steeped in the underclass discourse of illegality, welfare dependency and the unassimilability of refugees and asylum seekers.