This chapter describes the appearance of anti-capitalism should be hugely heartening to those who share the kind of outlook on immigration controls, racism and welfare. It aims to restate the history of immigration controls in Britain. Racism is inseparable from the practice of immigration control because the historical development of the relation between state and capital and in the ideologies of nationalism and racism that have grown up since the late nineteenth century. The First World War was a catalyst in the development of systematic immigration controls because it represented a qualitative shift in the relationship between state and capital and inaugurated a period of greater state intervention into economic and social life. The link between immigration control and access to welfare is a feature of immigration controls in Britain since the Aliens Acts. An anti-capitalist movement can be built with anti-racism at its heart, a movement which fights for unity across the borders of nationality and 'race'.