This chapter discusses the earlier pioneering study and the relationships of immigration controls and welfare. It looks at struggles from without and sabotage from within. The chapter talks about ideas and action, ideology and resistance. It is in support of an ideology that is against all immigration controls and is opposed to all ideologies that argue for the possibility of 'fair' controls. The chapter addresses the issue relevant to struggles both in and against the state. Non-compliance is inevitably a high-risk option for workers, even where supported by their union. During the period 1979-1997 there was increasing tightening of controls by the Tory Government whilst at the same time at least some Labour-controlled local authorities, such as Manchester, were supporting and helping finance anti-deportation campaigns. Workers, their unions and organisations opposed to immigration controls should campaign for local authorities to refuse cooperation with the dispersal scheme.