This chapter examines the case for 'fair' immigration control and the arguments entailed in anti-immigration control positions. It argues that it is not possible to make an unfair system fair, but that many of the contrary arguments do not enhance the case against immigration controls. Dummett and Nichol agree with Carens's position on freedom of movement explicitly, and implicitly in their reference to the potential problem of 'massive' immigration where the resident population's culture could not be maintained, or where the immigrants, though few in number, 'actively destroy it'. The chapter says immigration control is an opposition in principle, on the grounds that the very notion of creating external controls on people's right to enter a country and internal controls on their movements and entitlement to the country's resources, depend on nationalist and racist assumptions. The Macpherson Report on the death of Stephen Lawrence held that the British police service is 'institutionally racist'.