Structures and practices in the French education system for assessing, categorising and segregating students ignore the characteristics, interests and needs which they all have in common. The 1989 Education Law - the 'Loi Jospin' - asserted the right of all children and young people to an 'inclusive education'. This chapter looks at two settings, a large primary school and a special school in the Paris region, to find out how far they have been affected by this legislation.