The Bengali Language Movement marks the beginning of Bangladesh’s struggle for self-determination. Our quest for saving the Bengali language from the transgression of Punjabi-dominated colonial rulers of Pakistan is a landmark in the history of our nation’s struggle for freedom and Independence. The declaration by the UNESCO for making 21 February the International Mother Language Day is a clear recognition of the day’s significance. However, the Bengali Language Movement that took place between 1948 and 1952 was not the making of any single individual. Though there were many leaders who guided this movement, the purpose of this essay is to discuss chiefly Dhirendranath Datta’s role in the early phases of the struggle.