The issue of technological standards has become increasingly important in the context of telecommunications technology. With every new generation of mobile technology, the issue of determining standards has become progressively more complicated. Most literature on this issue has focused on the standard setting process or the litigation that has resulted around the enforcement of patents over technical standards. There is, however, relatively little scholarship that studies the issue of standards through the prism of developing countries and the unique challenges they face in regulating technological standards which they are bound to protect under international IP agreements, despite the fact that they have little influence over the process by which these standards are set.