One common quip about the Israeli-Palestinian peace process (or lack of it) is that the problem is not that there is no light at the end of the tunnel, the problem is that there is no tunnel. 1 Over the decades, countless peace proposals have been put forward for settling what has been one of the most controversial conflicts of modern times. These proposals are often remarkably similar. While details differ, in their broad outlines, most peace proposals center on a two-state solution roughly along the 1967 borders, a sharing of the city of Jerusalem, and the right of Palestinian refugees to receive compensation and to return to Palestine, but not to Israel except on an extremely limited basis. That is the light that almost everyone can see at the end of the tunnel. Given that light, why have the two parties not reached a peace agreement in their now almost century-long conflict?