With the triumph of neoliberalism and the retreat of the working class, post-Marxism has become a fashionable intellectual posture. The space vacated by the reformist Left has in part been occupied by capitalist politicians and ideologues, technocrats and the traditional and fundamentalist churches (the Vatican and the Pentecostals). In the past, this space was occupied by Socialist, nationalist, and populist politicians and church activists associated with the "theology of liberation." The Center-Left was very influential within the political regimes (at the top) and among the less politicized popular classes (at the bottom). The vacant space of the radical Left refers to the political intellectuals and politicized sectors of the trade unions and urban and rural social movements. It is among these classes that the conflict between Marxism and post-Marxism is most intense today.