The Left in Latin America is staging a major comeback. While most publicists, journalists, government, and World Bank officials and academics either celebrate or bemoan the triumph of "neoliberalism," a vast movement of opposition is growing that in time could challenge the dominance of the whole free market power structure. As yet, this new oppositional force is only loosely associated, appearing in forums, seminars, and international gatherings, but it has solid roots in a number of countries and is extending its support from specific regions and classes to the construction of a national counterhegemonic bloc.