A great debate is taking place in Latin America over the appropriate development model for Latin America: On the one hand, there are the advocates of the free market promoted by the United States and its allies among the Latin American political and economic elite, and on the other, there are the continent-wide sociopolitical movements in large part rooted in the countryside. These two dynamic poles of social action have established the groundwork within which academics, intellectuals, journalists, policymakers, and party leaders are debating whether to continue on the neoliberal path or to seek alternatives to neoliberalism.