The fall of the Berlin wall revived the discussion about the role of the so-called Third World countries. The “new world order” has proved to be less ordered and newer than expected. The persistence of ethnic conflicts in many countries of the periphery has raised doubts about the prospects of broad zones of the globe and the possibility of their integration into the new core of industrialized, peaceful, and interdependent countries. 1 The discussion of how to break the links of dependence on the hegemonic powers so popular during the 1970s has become obsolete in a matter of a few years. The new challenge appears to be how to develop links of interdependence with this new core. This challenge seems the more salient for countries such as Mexico that are, in fact, partially integrated into it. 2