After observing the impact of the sanctions against Serbia and Montenegro, one can formulate many questions concerning sanctions that should be answered before trying to evaluate their impact. Why did the international community allow violations of the Helsinki Accords to change existing international borders? Why did it need such a long time to impose an arms embargo on the former Yugoslavia, since it was well known that all the sides in the conflict were importing weapons even before the actual fighting started? Why was there no deliberate action after the Milosevic regime annulled the autonomy of Kosovo, which was accompanied by a very strong repression of the human rights of Albanians? Why were no sanctions imposed against Croatia, but only against Serbia and Montenegro, when it was well known that the regular army of Croatia has been consistently present in Bosnia-Herzegovina and involved in the ethnic cleansing of both Serbs and Muslims in western Herzegovina and central Bosnia?