In the past 25 years there has been a growing recognition and acceptance of the need to provide resources for deaf students who are in a mainstreamed classroom environment. These resources are intended to provide such students with access to the information being presented in the classroom. Ideally, resources make it possible for deaf students to compete and cooperate with their normally hearing peers by removing some of the communication barriers that inhibit their participation in academic life. More recently, persons working with deaf students have come to look at resources as more far reaching than the immediate classroom situation. Resources available outside of the classroom focus on developing skills in students that will enable them to cope more effectively during their educational experience and throughout the rest of their lives, as well.