In October 2003, the French National Assembly passed a bill aimed at regulating psychotherapy in France. In order to safeguard the Frenchman in psychic distress against the charlatans, the Accoyer Amendment intended to restrict the practice of psychotherapy to psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. The additional tools to sweep clean the terrain of psychotherapy were general assessment and quality control. Senator Accoyer, convinced that he was doing the right thing for public health, must not have anticipated the upheaval he would cause. The psychoanalysts, especially, set up broad actions of resistance.