It is interesting to read the account of our early work on ‘protoconversations’, written over a quarter of a century ago. I am pleased to see that the picture drawn of young infants’ expressions and emotions, and their sensitivity to a mother’s affectionate talk, still seems right. I would change little, but there is much new knowledge that confirms and extends our understanding of the infant as a person seeking company, a person who is also interested in discovering experiences to explore and to ‘talk about’ with others.