The physiological factors known to influence competitive success and the training paradigms associated with their development form the basis for sport-specific training. Athletes and coaches identify the expected capabilities for their specific sport and position and, in conjunction with the athlete’s current level of fitness and skill, design a training program to improve traits that are lacking and accentuate those that are already on par or advanced. Athletes might facilitate their progress through acute or chronic supplementation of dietary compounds that are relevant to the specific goals of training and performance. Generally, these include dietary supplements that:

Provide energy or facilitate its availability;

Attenuate factors that acutely and chronically lead to fatigue;

Enhance cognitive performance (e.g., attention and focus) and/or reduce mental fatigue;

Promote muscular development; and/or

Quicken the recovery process.