This article addresses the relationships between ideas and realities for the dual breadwinner family in Sweden from the perspective of gender and class. One issue concerns the type of family policy desired by women and men to enable them to reconcile work and family. How do young Swedish women and men conceive the division of labour between parents, employers, local and central government authorities to enable work and family to be combined? Are issues related to family policy differentiated by class among women as well as among men? Compared with men, are the attitudes of women with respect to family policy and childcare more homogeneous?