Self-government of Greenland was introduced in 2009, and can be seen as a natural progression of political development in Greenland. The desire for independence on the part of the Greenlandic people is an integral element of this process. The recent debate on the exploitation of mineral resources illustrates this desire. Although the people want to rule over their own land, economic conditions do not permit of such a thing. Even though the annual block grant has formed a diminishing part of the economy, from around 40 to below 30 percent in the last few decades, economic dependence on Denmark is an annoyance. 1 Greenland has several challenges to overcome, but an ever greater self-conscience and a rising educational level give rise to optimism. This chapter will focus on the aspiration for Greenlandic independence from a historical perspective. Independence in Greenland, historically speaking, is synonymous with being able to manage on your own. Danish policy toward Greenland is intended to give the Greenlander responsibility for their own affairs, both internally and on a personal level. However, the Danish authorities will decide when the Greenlander have attained the desired level of maturity to assume such responsibility. The Danish perception of Greenland has had a great impact on the mental health and self-image of Greenlanders, and they are increasingly claiming the right to define themselves. The Greenland Reconciliation Commission is an example of such a move.