Within the framework of Italian cinema, CAM—an acronym for Creazioni Artistiche Musicali—was undoubtedly one of the key players in the record industry during the decades following World War II. CAM’s soundtrack album releases contributed to developing this sector. The company is best known for having published record soundtracks by the most important Italian cinema music composers of the era; CAM was thus a real center of gravity, a true mirror of postwar film music, to the extent that browsing its catalogue is a way of reliving the most significant moments in Italian film music during the early decades after World War II. Its extensive catalogue, the composers who have assiduously attended its recording studios, and—last but not least—the experimental projects it produced, make it an important subject for this study.