After reviewing Singapore’s economic performance in the past three decades, this chapter seeks to identify the reasons for Singapore’s success, by adopting a political economy approach. It is argued that Singapore adopted a ‘balanced’ combination of market and government and its economic philosophy closely reflected the “governed market” theory based on “developmental state” model. Although government intervention in Singapore was fairly extensive, the interventionist measures did not distort market efficiency due to high quality of political leadership, pragmatism, meritocracy and social conformism. The future outlook for Singapore economy remains bright and such an optimism is based on improvements in its educational standards, training programs, and stringent criteria of recruitment in the administrative service, as argued in the chapter.