Rehabilitation of impaired workers in an economic environment which is increasingly characterised by “jobless growth” is an urgent problem. By definition, jobless growth means growing labour productivity, and the higher productivity demands the weaker the market position of workers with limited capacities. Its urgency also derives from the difficulty to control the number of workers that seek financial assistance under disability schemes by medically legitimising their lack of labour market success. These trends imply that the number of potential rehabilitants is growing as fast as the employment opportunities for rehabilitees are decreasing.