17In recent years in Australia, there have been moves in the states of Queensland and Western Australia (WA) to create Independent Public Schools (IPS), that is, schools which remain part of the public-funded education system but enjoy greater levels of school autonomy in terms of expenditure and employment of staff (Department of Education and Training Queensland, 2016). The concept of IPS is not new to Australia. Rather, it builds on a history of moves towards self-managing schools which commenced in the late 1980s in the Victorian public education system with the election of a neoliberal conservative government (Townsend, Wylie & Wilkinson, 2017).