Every academic discipline has certain core problems which, by their very nature, seem to define and give structure to research activity. One such problem for political science is the ancient and continuing debate over the nature of democratic theory and praxis. At present, the argument is dominated by two lines of thought, which can be broadly characterized as the 'elitist' and 'participatory' theories of democracy. The major contributions to both sides of the debate are listed in Carole Pateman's recent book, Participation and Democratic Theory, and I will use this work as a point of departure for formulating yet another contribution to the problem. 1