One of the most prominent debates surrounding the reasons for the Partition of British India in 1947 is over the constructed ‘differences’ between Hindus and Muslims. These constructions were the result of many factors including the revivalist movements in Hindusim and Islam. In this chapter, I maintain that differences in many cases led to discrimination and, in some situations, reactions against that treatment further widened distances between the Hindus and Muslims, and also to an extent was a reason for the Partition of India in 1947.