The definition of cultural identity is being challenged by the return in the political scene, on an international level, of rising nationalism and the reinforcement of borders that had been blurred by the expanding notion of the global village firstly described by McLuhan (1964). An apparent wearing of the ideals of the Enlightenment in Europe and in western society accompanies the idea of cultural identity as a defence against the fear of an impoverishment of identity values due to global cultural homogeneity. National identity was, after all, the first incentive to the transformation of European society we experience today.