Acculturation has been a major concern of anthropologists since the 1936 “memorandum” on the subject (Redfield, Linton and Herskovits, 1936). Nevertheless, they have said relatively little about the consequences of peace and war, about the “shock of contact” in this context, or about how these might relate to planned change. Although the subject of war in the context of tribal societies and among “nonliterate” or “nonindustrial” peoples has occasionally been treated (Swanton, 1943; Turney-High, 1949; Fried, Harris and Murphy, 1968), this literature is not impressive when compared to other anthropological literature. The subject of peace has claimed even less anthropological attention, although the idea is a major conceptual product of some human cultures.