Reprinted from John R. Platt (Ed.), New Views of Man, by permission of the University of Chicago Press (Copyright © 1965). Clifford Geertz is Professor of Anthropology at the Institute for Advanced Studies in Princeton, N.J. He has conducted extensive research in Indonesia and Morocco, particularly on problems of economic development, comparative religion, and urbanization. He is the author of The Religion of Java, Peddlers and Princes: Social Development and Economic Change in Two Indonesian Towns, Agricultural Involution, The Social History of an Indonesian Town, and Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia.