Nepal’s peace process is often seen as a success, and for a good reason: since the end of the civil war between the government and the Maoist rebel group, Nepal has transformed from a centralised, authoritarian Hindu kingdom to a federalist, secular republic. This is overshadowed by various manifestations of violence that have emerged in the past decade such as organised crime, clashes among armed groups and violence by state security forces, often directed against minority groups. This chapter argues that while post-conflict violence in Nepal has a number of socio-cultural or economic sources, an important structural explanation for such violence is the post-conflict political order and the series of formal and informal power-sharing deals negotiated as part of the peace process.