The development of the USSR at the beginning of the 1980s was marked by an unparalleled decline in the growth of economic resources, namely labor, raw materials, fuels, and capital investment. The figures produced for the first half of the 1980s by the leading Soviet economist A. Aganbegyan show only a 3 percent increase in the labor force, a 5 percent growth in the output of the raw material extracting industries and a 17 percent rise in productive capital investment The corresponding figures for the preceding five years come to 6 percent, 10 percent, and 23 percent respectively, and for the first half of the 1970s they are 6 percent, 26 percent, and 44 percent. 1